Archaeologists

Israel Archaeology’s Pioneers, Currently Active and the Next Generation of Researchers and Teachers.
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The researchers and instructors that have brought the study of archaeology in Israel to the cutting edge.
Institution or Excavation Links
Historical Research Focus
Settlement Types
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Building Material
Agricultural Practices
Industrial Activity
Transportation Function
Weaponry
Material Composition
Water System
Tools
Jewellry
Indoor Outdoor Decoration
Sub-Categories
Excavation Period 1980 – Today
Institution or Excavation Links Ariel University
Excavation Period 1980 – Today
Institution or Excavation Links Ariel University
Excavation Period 1980 – Today
Institution or Excavation Links W.F. Albright Institute of Archaeological Research in Jerusalem,Megiddo,Jezreel Valley Regional Project
Historical Research Focus: Early Paleolithic 150000 BC – 80000 BC
Settlement Types: Town
Excavation Period 1980 – Today
Institution or Excavation Links W.F. Albright Institute of Archaeological Research in Jerusalem,Megiddo,Jezreel Valley Regional Project
Historical Research Focus: Early Paleolithic 150000 BC – 80000 BC
Settlement Types: Town
Excavation Period 1980 – Today
Institution or Excavation Links Hebrew University
Excavation Period 1980 – Today
Institution or Excavation Links Hebrew University
Excavation Period 1980 – Today
Institution or Excavation Links Gesher Benot Ya‘aqov (GBY)
Historical Research Focus: Middle Paleolithic 80000 BC – 40000 BC
Excavation Period 1980 – Today
Institution or Excavation Links Gesher Benot Ya‘aqov (GBY)
Historical Research Focus: Middle Paleolithic 80000 BC – 40000 BC
Excavation Period 1980 – Today
Institution or Excavation Links Hebrew University,Israel Antiquities Authority
Historical Research Focus: Arab 634 AD – 1099 AD
Agricultural Practices: Horticulture
Excavation Period 1980 – Today
Institution or Excavation Links Hebrew University,Israel Antiquities Authority
Historical Research Focus: Arab 634 AD – 1099 AD
Agricultural Practices: Horticulture
Excavation Period 1980 – Today
Institution or Excavation Links Geological Survey of Israel
Excavation Period 1980 – Today
Institution or Excavation Links Geological Survey of Israel
Excavation Period 1980 – Today
Institution or Excavation Links University of Haifa
Excavation Site Characteristics: human or animal remains
Excavation Period 1980 – Today
Institution or Excavation Links University of Haifa
Excavation Site Characteristics: human or animal remains
Excavation Period 1980 – Today
Institution or Excavation Links Tel Aviv University,Ramat Tamar
Historical Research Focus: Neolithic 8300  BC – 4500 BC
Material Composition: Flint
Excavation Period 1980 – Today
Institution or Excavation Links Tel Aviv University,Ramat Tamar
Historical Research Focus: Neolithic 8300  BC – 4500 BC
Material Composition: Flint
Excavation Period 1980 – Today
Institution or Excavation Links Hebrew University
Historical Research Focus: Early Paleolithic 150000 BC – 80000 BC
Settlement Types: Nomadic
Agricultural Practices: Hunter-Gatherer
Excavation Site Characteristics: human or animal remains
Excavation Period 1980 – Today
Institution or Excavation Links Hebrew University
Historical Research Focus: Early Paleolithic 150000 BC – 80000 BC
Settlement Types: Nomadic
Agricultural Practices: Hunter-Gatherer
Excavation Site Characteristics: human or animal remains
Excavation Period 1980 – Today
Institution or Excavation Links Hebrew University,Tel Yokneam,Tel Hazor,Horvat Usa,Tel Yarmuth,Tel Qiri,Tel Qashish
Historical Research Focus: Late Bronze (LB) 1500 BC – 1200 BC
Settlement Types: Town
Building Types: House
Excavation Period 1980 – Today
Institution or Excavation Links Hebrew University,Tel Yokneam,Tel Hazor,Horvat Usa,Tel Yarmuth,Tel Qiri,Tel Qashish
Historical Research Focus: Late Bronze (LB) 1500 BC – 1200 BC
Settlement Types: Town
Building Types: House
Excavation Period 1980 – Today
Institution or Excavation Links Bar-Ilan University,Weizmann Institute of Science,Tel Dor
Excavation Period 1980 – Today
Institution or Excavation Links Bar-Ilan University,Weizmann Institute of Science,Tel Dor
Excavation Period 1980 – Today
Sub-Category: Non-Resident Archaeologists
Institution or Excavation Links Holon
Historical Research Focus: Middle Paleolithic 80000 BC – 40000 BC
Excavation Period 1980 – Today
Sub-Category: Non-Resident Archaeologists
Institution or Excavation Links Holon
Historical Research Focus: Middle Paleolithic 80000 BC – 40000 BC
Excavation Period 1980 – Today
Historical Research Focus: Crusader 1099 AD – 1250 AD
Transportation Function: Cross-Road
A senior lecturer in the Israel Heritage Department and the Department of Land of Israel Studies and Archaeology at Ariel University. Dr. Ackerman studies the cultural landscape and reconstructs the ancient landscape system of Israel in the environs of archaeological sites. https://ariel.academia.edu/OrenAckermann
Excavation Period 1980 – Today
Institution or Excavation Links Ariel University
A senior lecturer in the Israel Heritage Department and the Department of Land of Israel Studies and Archaeology at Ariel University. Dr. Ackerman studies the cultural landscape and reconstructs the ancient landscape system of Israel in the environs of archaeological sites. https://ariel.academia.edu/OrenAckermann
Excavation Period 1980 – Today
Institution or Excavation Links Ariel University
Director, Jezreel Valley Regional Project Director, W. F. Albright Institute of Archaeological Research University of Hawai’i, Classics Faculty Matthew received his PhD in History from the Pennsylvania State University in 2007, specializing in Egyptology and Near Eastern Archaeology. He has more than 25 seasons of excavation experience at sites in Egypt and Israel. While he has broad interests in space and time throughout the ancient world, his primary research focus is on the development of urban communities in 3rd Millennium Egypt and Levant. In addition to directing the JVRP, he is also Co-Director of the Tel Aviv University Megiddo Expedition and a member of the Penn State excavations at Mendes, Egypt. He is also President of the non-profit organization, American Archaeology Abroad. In June, 2014 he took over the Directorship of the W.F. Albright Institute of Archaeological Research in Jerusalem. https://aiar.academia.edu/MatthewJAdams  
Excavation Period 1980 – Today
Institution or Excavation Links W.F. Albright Institute of Archaeological Research in Jerusalem,Megiddo,Jezreel Valley Regional Project
Historical Research Focus: Early Paleolithic 150000 BC – 80000 BC
Settlement Types: Town
Director, Jezreel Valley Regional Project Director, W. F. Albright Institute of Archaeological Research University of Hawai’i, Classics Faculty Matthew received his PhD in History from the Pennsylvania State University in 2007, specializing in Egyptology and Near Eastern Archaeology. He has more than 25 seasons of excavation experience at sites in Egypt and Israel. While he has broad interests in space and time throughout the ancient world, his primary research focus is on the development of urban communities in 3rd Millennium Egypt and Levant. In addition to directing the JVRP, he is also Co-Director of the Tel Aviv University Megiddo Expedition and a member of the Penn State excavations at Mendes, Egypt. He is also President of the non-profit organization, American Archaeology Abroad. In June, 2014 he took over the Directorship of the W.F. Albright Institute of Archaeological Research in Jerusalem. https://aiar.academia.edu/MatthewJAdams  
Excavation Period 1980 – Today
Institution or Excavation Links W.F. Albright Institute of Archaeological Research in Jerusalem,Megiddo,Jezreel Valley Regional Project
Historical Research Focus: Early Paleolithic 150000 BC – 80000 BC
Settlement Types: Town
Hebrew University of Jerusalem | HUJI · Institute of Archaeology; PHD in Hebrew Bible and Textual Criticism from University of St. Andrews
Excavation Period 1980 – Today
Institution or Excavation Links Hebrew University
Hebrew University of Jerusalem | HUJI · Institute of Archaeology; PHD in Hebrew Bible and Textual Criticism from University of St. Andrews
Excavation Period 1980 – Today
Institution or Excavation Links Hebrew University
Nira Alperson-Afil specializes in Prehistoric archaeology. Her main interests are the Lower and Middle Palaeolithic periods, technology and typology of stone tools, early use of fire, and the evolution of human behavior. Her current project uses GIS software for spatial analyses of archaeological material at the Acheulian site of Gesher Benot Ya’aqov. Spatial Organization of Hominin Activities at Gesher Benot Ya’aqov, Israel. https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Nira_Alperson-Afil
Excavation Period 1980 – Today
Institution or Excavation Links Gesher Benot Ya‘aqov (GBY)
Historical Research Focus: Middle Paleolithic 80000 BC – 40000 BC
Nira Alperson-Afil specializes in Prehistoric archaeology. Her main interests are the Lower and Middle Palaeolithic periods, technology and typology of stone tools, early use of fire, and the evolution of human behavior. Her current project uses GIS software for spatial analyses of archaeological material at the Acheulian site of Gesher Benot Ya’aqov. Spatial Organization of Hominin Activities at Gesher Benot Ya’aqov, Israel. https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Nira_Alperson-Afil
Excavation Period 1980 – Today
Institution or Excavation Links Gesher Benot Ya‘aqov (GBY)
Historical Research Focus: Middle Paleolithic 80000 BC – 40000 BC
Dr. Gideon Avni (PhD – 1997) is the Head of the Archaeological Division in the Israel Antiquities Authority and a lecturer at the Institute of Archaeology, the Hebrew University. In 1989 – 2000 he was the IAA Jerusalem District Archaeologist. His academic interests focus on various aspects of Classical, Late Antique and Early Islamic archaeology, the cultural and religious transformation of the Near East from Byzantine to Islamic rule, and the archaeology of desert societies in the Levant. During the last 30 years he has conducted extensive fieldwork in the Negev Desert (1979-1988; 2005-2011), Beth Govrin (1983-1992), Jerusalem (1984-2003) and Ramla (2002-2004). In 1996-2002 he headed a comprehensive survey and excavations project at the Church of the Holy Sepulcher. In 2004-2007 he co-directed a research team supported by the Israel Science foundation on the urban centers of Palestine in the Early Islamic period. He was a fellow at the Institute of Advanced Studies of the Hebrew University in Jerusalem (2008-2009). He is currently a member of a research group of the Hebrew University and the Israel Academy of Sciences on the formation of Islamic society in Palestine, and a co-director of an interdisciplinary study on the ancient agriculture of the Negev during Byzantine and Early Islamic times. http://www.antiquities.org.il/personal_cv_eng.asp?id=15
Excavation Period 1980 – Today
Institution or Excavation Links Hebrew University,Israel Antiquities Authority
Historical Research Focus: Arab 634 AD – 1099 AD
Agricultural Practices: Horticulture
Dr. Gideon Avni (PhD – 1997) is the Head of the Archaeological Division in the Israel Antiquities Authority and a lecturer at the Institute of Archaeology, the Hebrew University. In 1989 – 2000 he was the IAA Jerusalem District Archaeologist. His academic interests focus on various aspects of Classical, Late Antique and Early Islamic archaeology, the cultural and religious transformation of the Near East from Byzantine to Islamic rule, and the archaeology of desert societies in the Levant. During the last 30 years he has conducted extensive fieldwork in the Negev Desert (1979-1988; 2005-2011), Beth Govrin (1983-1992), Jerusalem (1984-2003) and Ramla (2002-2004). In 1996-2002 he headed a comprehensive survey and excavations project at the Church of the Holy Sepulcher. In 2004-2007 he co-directed a research team supported by the Israel Science foundation on the urban centers of Palestine in the Early Islamic period. He was a fellow at the Institute of Advanced Studies of the Hebrew University in Jerusalem (2008-2009). He is currently a member of a research group of the Hebrew University and the Israel Academy of Sciences on the formation of Islamic society in Palestine, and a co-director of an interdisciplinary study on the ancient agriculture of the Negev during Byzantine and Early Islamic times. http://www.antiquities.org.il/personal_cv_eng.asp?id=15
Excavation Period 1980 – Today
Institution or Excavation Links Hebrew University,Israel Antiquities Authority
Historical Research Focus: Arab 634 AD – 1099 AD
Agricultural Practices: Horticulture
Position: Emeritus, senior researcher, The Geological Survey of Israel (GSI) Research interests:
  • Terrestrial paleoclimate reconstruction using cave deposits  (based mainly on oxygen and carbon stable isotopes).
  • Characteristic features of rains and meteoric water based on stable isotopes of oxygen and hydrogen.
  • The relations between climate changes and archeological cultures.
Main projects and grants:
  • Seasonal variations as reflected in high-resolution studies of cave deposits.
  • Monitoring rainwater in Israel,  and the water in the unsaturated zone of Judea Group (Soreq Cave).
  • Archeometry using isotope methods.
Key publications
  • Bar-Matthews, M. and Ayalon, A. (2011). Mid-Holocene climate variations revealed by high resolution speleothem records from Soreq Cave, Israel and their correlation with cultural changes. The Holocene 21, 163-171
  • Orland, I., Bar-Matthews, M.,Ayalon A., Matthews, A., Kozdon, R., Ushikuboa, T., Valley, J.W. (2012)  Seasonal resolution of Eastern Mediterranean climate change since 34 ka from a Soreq Cave speleothem. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 89, 240–255.
  • Grant, K.M., Rohling, E.J., Bar-Matthews, M., Ayalon, A., Medina-Elizalde, M., Bronk Ramsey, C., Satow, C., Roberts, A.P. (2012). Rapid coupling between ice volume and polar temperature over the past 150 kyr Nature, 491, 744-747.
  • Ayalon, A., Bar-Matthews, M., Frumkin, A., Matthews A. (2013). Last Glacial warm events on Mount Hermon: the southern extension of the Alpine karst range of the east Mediterranean Quaternary Science Review, 59, 43-56.
  • Orland, I.J., Burstyn, Y., Bar-Matthews, M., Kozdon, R., Ayalon, A., Matthews, A., Valley, J.W. (2014). Seasonal climate signals (1998-2008) in a modern Soreq Cave stalagmite as revealed by high-resolution geochemical analysis. Chem. Geol. 363, 322–333.
  • Affek H.P., Matthews, A., Ayalon, A., Bar-Matthews, M; Burstyn Y., Zaarur, S; Zilberman T. (2014) . Accounting for kinetic isotope effects in Soreq Cave (Israel) speleothems. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 143, 303-318
  • Ayalon A., Bar-Matthews M. and Goren Y. (2014). Biblical Events and Environments – Authentification of Controversial Archaeological Artifacts. In: Holland H.D. and Turekian K.K. (eds.) Treatise on Geochemistry, Second Edition, vol. 14, pp. 255-270. Oxford: Elsevier
  • Hershkovitz, I., Marder, O., Ayalon, A., Bar-Matthews, M., Yasur, G., Boaretto, E., Caracuta, V., Alex, B., Frumkin, A., Goder-Goldberger, M., Gunz, P., Holloway,R., Latimer, B., Lavi, R., Matthews, A., Slon, V., Bar-Yosef Mayer, D., Berna, F., Bar-Oz, G., Yeshurun, R., May, H., Guenther M. H., Weber, G., Barzilai, O., 2015, Levantine cranium from Manot Cave (Israel) foreshadows the first European modern humans. Nature DOI:10:1038
Excavation Period 1980 – Today
Institution or Excavation Links Geological Survey of Israel
Position: Emeritus, senior researcher, The Geological Survey of Israel (GSI) Research interests:
  • Terrestrial paleoclimate reconstruction using cave deposits  (based mainly on oxygen and carbon stable isotopes).
  • Characteristic features of rains and meteoric water based on stable isotopes of oxygen and hydrogen.
  • The relations between climate changes and archeological cultures.
Main projects and grants:
  • Seasonal variations as reflected in high-resolution studies of cave deposits.
  • Monitoring rainwater in Israel,  and the water in the unsaturated zone of Judea Group (Soreq Cave).
  • Archeometry using isotope methods.
Key publications
  • Bar-Matthews, M. and Ayalon, A. (2011). Mid-Holocene climate variations revealed by high resolution speleothem records from Soreq Cave, Israel and their correlation with cultural changes. The Holocene 21, 163-171
  • Orland, I., Bar-Matthews, M.,Ayalon A., Matthews, A., Kozdon, R., Ushikuboa, T., Valley, J.W. (2012)  Seasonal resolution of Eastern Mediterranean climate change since 34 ka from a Soreq Cave speleothem. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 89, 240–255.
  • Grant, K.M., Rohling, E.J., Bar-Matthews, M., Ayalon, A., Medina-Elizalde, M., Bronk Ramsey, C., Satow, C., Roberts, A.P. (2012). Rapid coupling between ice volume and polar temperature over the past 150 kyr Nature, 491, 744-747.
  • Ayalon, A., Bar-Matthews, M., Frumkin, A., Matthews A. (2013). Last Glacial warm events on Mount Hermon: the southern extension of the Alpine karst range of the east Mediterranean Quaternary Science Review, 59, 43-56.
  • Orland, I.J., Burstyn, Y., Bar-Matthews, M., Kozdon, R., Ayalon, A., Matthews, A., Valley, J.W. (2014). Seasonal climate signals (1998-2008) in a modern Soreq Cave stalagmite as revealed by high-resolution geochemical analysis. Chem. Geol. 363, 322–333.
  • Affek H.P., Matthews, A., Ayalon, A., Bar-Matthews, M; Burstyn Y., Zaarur, S; Zilberman T. (2014) . Accounting for kinetic isotope effects in Soreq Cave (Israel) speleothems. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 143, 303-318
  • Ayalon A., Bar-Matthews M. and Goren Y. (2014). Biblical Events and Environments – Authentification of Controversial Archaeological Artifacts. In: Holland H.D. and Turekian K.K. (eds.) Treatise on Geochemistry, Second Edition, vol. 14, pp. 255-270. Oxford: Elsevier
  • Hershkovitz, I., Marder, O., Ayalon, A., Bar-Matthews, M., Yasur, G., Boaretto, E., Caracuta, V., Alex, B., Frumkin, A., Goder-Goldberger, M., Gunz, P., Holloway,R., Latimer, B., Lavi, R., Matthews, A., Slon, V., Bar-Yosef Mayer, D., Berna, F., Bar-Oz, G., Yeshurun, R., May, H., Guenther M. H., Weber, G., Barzilai, O., 2015, Levantine cranium from Manot Cave (Israel) foreshadows the first European modern humans. Nature DOI:10:1038
Excavation Period 1980 – Today
Institution or Excavation Links Geological Survey of Israel
Guy Bar-Oz is a professor of archaeology at the University of Haifa. His research focuses on the cultural and biological heritage of ancient Israel. His research experience in zooarchaeology includes excavation and analysis of numerous prehistoric and historic bone assemblages from Israel and the Caucasus (Republic of Georgia and Armenia). In 2003 he founded the Laboratory of Archaeozoology at the University of Haifa. The lab is a hub for collaborative scientific networks with strong foundation in anthropological and biological research. His research focuses on:
  • evolution of human hunting and subsistence behavior in prehistory
  • development of complex economic-subsistence systems in the Near East
  • human impact on ancient environment
  • collapse and resilience of past societies in marginal environments.
His main research efforts deal with developing and applying novel methods for reconstructing in high resolution the culture and environmental landscape of extinct/past societies.
Excavation Period 1980 – Today
Institution or Excavation Links University of Haifa
Excavation Site Characteristics: human or animal remains
Guy Bar-Oz is a professor of archaeology at the University of Haifa. His research focuses on the cultural and biological heritage of ancient Israel. His research experience in zooarchaeology includes excavation and analysis of numerous prehistoric and historic bone assemblages from Israel and the Caucasus (Republic of Georgia and Armenia). In 2003 he founded the Laboratory of Archaeozoology at the University of Haifa. The lab is a hub for collaborative scientific networks with strong foundation in anthropological and biological research. His research focuses on:
  • evolution of human hunting and subsistence behavior in prehistory
  • development of complex economic-subsistence systems in the Near East
  • human impact on ancient environment
  • collapse and resilience of past societies in marginal environments.
His main research efforts deal with developing and applying novel methods for reconstructing in high resolution the culture and environmental landscape of extinct/past societies.
Excavation Period 1980 – Today
Institution or Excavation Links University of Haifa
Excavation Site Characteristics: human or animal remains
Senior Lecturer in Archaeology, Tel Aviv University
Education:
Master Thesis: “The Flint Assemblage from Nahal Zehora I, A Wadi Raba Site in the Menashe Hills: The Implications of a Technological and Typological Analysis”. Ph.D. – Tel Aviv University, 2001 Ph.D. Dissertation: “Flint and Stone Axes as Cultural Markers: Socio-Economic Changes as Reflected in Holocene Flint Tool Industries of the Southern Levant”.
Current Projects
 
Excavation Period 1980 – Today
Institution or Excavation Links Tel Aviv University,Ramat Tamar
Historical Research Focus: Neolithic 8300  BC – 4500 BC
Material Composition: Flint
Senior Lecturer in Archaeology, Tel Aviv University
Education:
Master Thesis: “The Flint Assemblage from Nahal Zehora I, A Wadi Raba Site in the Menashe Hills: The Implications of a Technological and Typological Analysis”. Ph.D. – Tel Aviv University, 2001 Ph.D. Dissertation: “Flint and Stone Axes as Cultural Markers: Socio-Economic Changes as Reflected in Holocene Flint Tool Industries of the Southern Levant”.
Current Projects
 
Excavation Period 1980 – Today
Institution or Excavation Links Tel Aviv University,Ramat Tamar
Historical Research Focus: Neolithic 8300  BC – 4500 BC
Material Composition: Flint
Anna Belfer-Cohen (born November 3, 1949) is an Israeli archaeologist and paleoanthropologist and Professor Emeritus at the Institute of Archaeology, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem. Belfer-Cohen excavated and studied many important prehistoric sites in Israel including Hayonim and Kebara Caves and open-air sites such as Nahal Ein Gev I and Nahal Neqarot. She has also worked for many years in the Republic of Georgia, where she made important contributions to the study of the Paleolithic sequence of the Caucasus following her work at the cave sites of Dzoudzuana, Kotias and Satsrublia. She is a specialist in biological Anthropologyprehistoric artlithic technology, the Upper Paleolithic and modern humans, the NatufianNeolithic interface and the transition to village life. Her work is widely-cited in the field of Prehistoric Archaeology and especially the Natufian culture. She began studying toward her first degree in archaeology at the Institute of Archaeology, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, where she also earned her MA (1981) and PhD (1988). Already in her undergraduate studies she participated in many archaeological expeditions in Israel, Cyprus and Sinai . Belfer-Cohen’s PhD dissertation (supervised by Professor Ofer Bar-Yosef) was dedicated to the Natufian culture. She was appointed full professor at the Institute of Archaeology, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, in 2002. From 2005-2009, she served as the head of the university’s Institute of Archaeology. From 2014 to 2018 she was the head of the Authority for Research Students (non-experimental Sciences). Early in her career, Belfer-Cohen participated in excavations at the Lower Paleolithic site of ‘Ubeiydia in the Jordan Valley (the oldest site in Israel), at Upper Paleolithic and Epipaleolithic prehistoric sites in the northern Sinai Desert, at the burial sites from the Chalcolithic age and Early Bronze Age in the southern Sinai. During her MA studies, Belfer-Cohen analyzed the lithics and bone tools from the Aurignacian layer at Hayonim cave (dated to 35,000 years ago). In her work she identified the Levantine Aurignacian and its uniqueness in the Upper Paleolithic sequence in the area. Through the years she helped understanding the interactions of this hunter-gatherer culture with its European counterpart]. In her Ph.D. Belfer-Cohen discussed the technological and spatial aspects of the Natufian material remains from Hayonim Cave in the Galilee, including architecture, burials, lithic assemblages, ground-stone tools and personal ornaments. In this work she provided the basis for the modern study of the Natufian culture and shaped the important research questions, which are still employed by the current research. Belfer-Cohen took part in many archaeological projects, some that lasted several decades, such as Kebara and Hayonim caves, where she was involved in the study and publication of the findings. Selected recent research projects and contributions include:
  • The First Cemeteries – The nature and meaning of Burial practices in the Natufian Society. Cultural Complexity on the eve of the transition to agriculture. Studies of skeletal material as well as material finds from the sites of Hayonim and Hilazon Tachtit caves jointly with Prof. Leore Grosman (Hebrew University).
  • Reconstruction of the Upper Paleolithic to Neolithic sequence of Georgia, the southern Caucasus. A joint Georgian-USA-Israeli project directed by Belfer-Cohen on behalf of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, in collaboration with Dr. Tengis Meshviliani, Georgia State Museum and Prof. Ofer Bar-Yosef from Harvard University. In this project the team established the chronology of the local Upper Paleolithic, with the arrival of Homo sapiens, and their local adjustment as compared to the Neanderthals of the preceding Middle Paleolithic. The project includes excavations at Dzudzuana cave, 1996-2001; 2006-7. Another central question in the project was aimed at establishing whether the transformation from hunter-gatherers unto agriculturalists wan an endemic innovation, acculturation of ideas from elsewhere, or the result of invasions of foreign groups. This entailed excavations at the Kotias Klde rock shelter in 2002-2005; 2008-2010. Currently, the team excavates at Satsurblia Cave (2010- to present), with Prof. Ron Pinhasi (Vienna University.
Selected publications
Excavation Period 1980 – Today
Institution or Excavation Links Hebrew University
Historical Research Focus: Early Paleolithic 150000 BC – 80000 BC
Settlement Types: Nomadic
Agricultural Practices: Hunter-Gatherer
Excavation Site Characteristics: human or animal remains
Anna Belfer-Cohen (born November 3, 1949) is an Israeli archaeologist and paleoanthropologist and Professor Emeritus at the Institute of Archaeology, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem. Belfer-Cohen excavated and studied many important prehistoric sites in Israel including Hayonim and Kebara Caves and open-air sites such as Nahal Ein Gev I and Nahal Neqarot. She has also worked for many years in the Republic of Georgia, where she made important contributions to the study of the Paleolithic sequence of the Caucasus following her work at the cave sites of Dzoudzuana, Kotias and Satsrublia. She is a specialist in biological Anthropologyprehistoric artlithic technology, the Upper Paleolithic and modern humans, the NatufianNeolithic interface and the transition to village life. Her work is widely-cited in the field of Prehistoric Archaeology and especially the Natufian culture. She began studying toward her first degree in archaeology at the Institute of Archaeology, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, where she also earned her MA (1981) and PhD (1988). Already in her undergraduate studies she participated in many archaeological expeditions in Israel, Cyprus and Sinai . Belfer-Cohen’s PhD dissertation (supervised by Professor Ofer Bar-Yosef) was dedicated to the Natufian culture. She was appointed full professor at the Institute of Archaeology, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, in 2002. From 2005-2009, she served as the head of the university’s Institute of Archaeology. From 2014 to 2018 she was the head of the Authority for Research Students (non-experimental Sciences). Early in her career, Belfer-Cohen participated in excavations at the Lower Paleolithic site of ‘Ubeiydia in the Jordan Valley (the oldest site in Israel), at Upper Paleolithic and Epipaleolithic prehistoric sites in the northern Sinai Desert, at the burial sites from the Chalcolithic age and Early Bronze Age in the southern Sinai. During her MA studies, Belfer-Cohen analyzed the lithics and bone tools from the Aurignacian layer at Hayonim cave (dated to 35,000 years ago). In her work she identified the Levantine Aurignacian and its uniqueness in the Upper Paleolithic sequence in the area. Through the years she helped understanding the interactions of this hunter-gatherer culture with its European counterpart]. In her Ph.D. Belfer-Cohen discussed the technological and spatial aspects of the Natufian material remains from Hayonim Cave in the Galilee, including architecture, burials, lithic assemblages, ground-stone tools and personal ornaments. In this work she provided the basis for the modern study of the Natufian culture and shaped the important research questions, which are still employed by the current research. Belfer-Cohen took part in many archaeological projects, some that lasted several decades, such as Kebara and Hayonim caves, where she was involved in the study and publication of the findings. Selected recent research projects and contributions include:
  • The First Cemeteries – The nature and meaning of Burial practices in the Natufian Society. Cultural Complexity on the eve of the transition to agriculture. Studies of skeletal material as well as material finds from the sites of Hayonim and Hilazon Tachtit caves jointly with Prof. Leore Grosman (Hebrew University).
  • Reconstruction of the Upper Paleolithic to Neolithic sequence of Georgia, the southern Caucasus. A joint Georgian-USA-Israeli project directed by Belfer-Cohen on behalf of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, in collaboration with Dr. Tengis Meshviliani, Georgia State Museum and Prof. Ofer Bar-Yosef from Harvard University. In this project the team established the chronology of the local Upper Paleolithic, with the arrival of Homo sapiens, and their local adjustment as compared to the Neanderthals of the preceding Middle Paleolithic. The project includes excavations at Dzudzuana cave, 1996-2001; 2006-7. Another central question in the project was aimed at establishing whether the transformation from hunter-gatherers unto agriculturalists wan an endemic innovation, acculturation of ideas from elsewhere, or the result of invasions of foreign groups. This entailed excavations at the Kotias Klde rock shelter in 2002-2005; 2008-2010. Currently, the team excavates at Satsurblia Cave (2010- to present), with Prof. Ron Pinhasi (Vienna University.
Selected publications
Excavation Period 1980 – Today
Institution or Excavation Links Hebrew University
Historical Research Focus: Early Paleolithic 150000 BC – 80000 BC
Settlement Types: Nomadic
Agricultural Practices: Hunter-Gatherer
Excavation Site Characteristics: human or animal remains
Amnon Ben-Tor, is professor (emeritus) at the Institute of Archaeology, the Hebrew University, Jerusalem. He has worked at Hazor as an area supervisor under Yigael Yadin in the 1950’s and 1960’s. Since 1990 he has been the director of the “Selz Foundation Hazor Excavations in Memory of Yigael Yadin.” Amnon is the editor of Hazor III-IV (text), and a co-editor of Hazor V, Hazor VI, and Hazor VII. He is also the author of the recently published popular book “Hazor Canaanite Metropolis, Israelite City”. The Selz Foundation Hazor Excavations in Memory of Yigael Yadin (1990-present) https://archaeology.huji.ac.il/people/amnon-ben-tor?ref_tid=3041
Excavation Period 1980 – Today
Institution or Excavation Links Hebrew University,Tel Yokneam,Tel Hazor,Horvat Usa,Tel Yarmuth,Tel Qiri,Tel Qashish
Historical Research Focus: Late Bronze (LB) 1500 BC – 1200 BC
Settlement Types: Town
Building Types: House
Amnon Ben-Tor, is professor (emeritus) at the Institute of Archaeology, the Hebrew University, Jerusalem. He has worked at Hazor as an area supervisor under Yigael Yadin in the 1950’s and 1960’s. Since 1990 he has been the director of the “Selz Foundation Hazor Excavations in Memory of Yigael Yadin.” Amnon is the editor of Hazor III-IV (text), and a co-editor of Hazor V, Hazor VI, and Hazor VII. He is also the author of the recently published popular book “Hazor Canaanite Metropolis, Israelite City”. The Selz Foundation Hazor Excavations in Memory of Yigael Yadin (1990-present) https://archaeology.huji.ac.il/people/amnon-ben-tor?ref_tid=3041
Excavation Period 1980 – Today
Institution or Excavation Links Hebrew University,Tel Yokneam,Tel Hazor,Horvat Usa,Tel Yarmuth,Tel Qiri,Tel Qashish
Historical Research Focus: Late Bronze (LB) 1500 BC – 1200 BC
Settlement Types: Town
Building Types: House
Elisabetta Boaretto is a nuclear physicist educated in Italy and Israel (Ph.D. Hebrew University). She spent three years at the AMS 14C Dating Laboratory, Aarhus University (Denmark). Since 2000 she is a Research Associate at the Weizmann Institute of Science and director of its Radiocarbon Dating Laboratory. Currently also is a lecturer of archaeological science at Bar Ilan University. She participated in numerous excavations that involve 14C dating in Israel and other countries. At Dor, she is working on dating the Iron Age I-II transition. She is also involved in dating projects based on other cosmogenic radio-isotopes such as 10Be and 26Al in flint tools and quartz in sediments.Publications https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Elisabetta_Boaretto
Excavation Period 1980 – Today
Institution or Excavation Links Bar-Ilan University,Weizmann Institute of Science,Tel Dor
Elisabetta Boaretto is a nuclear physicist educated in Italy and Israel (Ph.D. Hebrew University). She spent three years at the AMS 14C Dating Laboratory, Aarhus University (Denmark). Since 2000 she is a Research Associate at the Weizmann Institute of Science and director of its Radiocarbon Dating Laboratory. Currently also is a lecturer of archaeological science at Bar Ilan University. She participated in numerous excavations that involve 14C dating in Israel and other countries. At Dor, she is working on dating the Iron Age I-II transition. She is also involved in dating projects based on other cosmogenic radio-isotopes such as 10Be and 26Al in flint tools and quartz in sediments.Publications https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Elisabetta_Boaretto
Excavation Period 1980 – Today
Institution or Excavation Links Bar-Ilan University,Weizmann Institute of Science,Tel Dor
Founding Director, The Archaeology Centre, Professor, Deparment of Anthropology, University of Toronto. Michael Chazan is a Paleolithic archaeologist specializing in the study of stone tools.  Prof. Chazan received his B.A. from the University of Pennsylvania and his Masters and Ph.D from Yale University.   He has carried out archaeological research in Europe, the Middle East, and Africa.  His current research focus is the archaeology of early human sites in the Northern Cape Province of South Africa, particularly the site of Wonderwerk Cave and the sites of the Kathu Complex.  Prof. Chazan is the author of Archaeology and Prehistory: Pathways Through Time, a widely used introductory textbook published by Pearson and Pearson Canada and of Holon: A Lower Paleolithic Site in Israel, co-authored with Liora Kolska Horwitz.
Excavation Period 1980 – Today
Sub-Category: Non-Resident Archaeologists
Institution or Excavation Links Holon
Historical Research Focus: Middle Paleolithic 80000 BC – 40000 BC
Founding Director, The Archaeology Centre, Professor, Deparment of Anthropology, University of Toronto. Michael Chazan is a Paleolithic archaeologist specializing in the study of stone tools.  Prof. Chazan received his B.A. from the University of Pennsylvania and his Masters and Ph.D from Yale University.   He has carried out archaeological research in Europe, the Middle East, and Africa.  His current research focus is the archaeology of early human sites in the Northern Cape Province of South Africa, particularly the site of Wonderwerk Cave and the sites of the Kathu Complex.  Prof. Chazan is the author of Archaeology and Prehistory: Pathways Through Time, a widely used introductory textbook published by Pearson and Pearson Canada and of Holon: A Lower Paleolithic Site in Israel, co-authored with Liora Kolska Horwitz.
Excavation Period 1980 – Today
Sub-Category: Non-Resident Archaeologists
Institution or Excavation Links Holon
Historical Research Focus: Middle Paleolithic 80000 BC – 40000 BC
Late Antiquity Associate Professor, University of Oklahoma Dr. Cline is an Assistant Professor of Religious Studies at the University of Oklahoma. He earned his Ph.D. at Penn State in 2005, and his recent book, Ancient Angels (Brill, 2011), examines literary, epigraphic, and archaeological evidence related to angel veneration in late antiquity. His current research examines the economics of pilgrimage, in particular the production and consumption of pilgrims’ goods and services, the impact of pilgrimage on local and regional economies, and trade routes in late antiquity. He has worked on archaeological projects in Israel, Greece, and Italy. https://ou.academia.edu/HeathCline
Excavation Period 1980 – Today
Historical Research Focus: Crusader 1099 AD – 1250 AD
Transportation Function: Cross-Road
A senior lecturer in the Israel Heritage Department and the Department of Land of Israel Studies and Archaeology at Ariel University. Dr. Ackerman studies the cultural landscape and reconstructs the ancient landscape system of Israel in the Read More
Excavation Period 1980 – Today
Institution or Excavation Links Ariel University
A senior lecturer in the Israel Heritage Department and the Department of Land of Israel Studies and Archaeology at Ariel University. Dr. Ackerman studies the cultural landscape and reconstructs the ancient landscape system of Israel in the Read More
Excavation Period 1980 – Today
Institution or Excavation Links Ariel University
Director, Jezreel Valley Regional Project Director, W. F. Albright Institute of Archaeological Research University of Hawai’i, Classics Faculty Matthew received his PhD in History from the Pennsylvania State University in 2007, specializ Read More
Excavation Period 1980 – Today
Institution or Excavation Links W.F. Albright Institute of Archaeological Research in Jerusalem,Megiddo,Jezreel Valley Regional Project
Historical Research Focus: Early Paleolithic 150000 BC – 80000 BC
Settlement Types: Town
Director, Jezreel Valley Regional Project Director, W. F. Albright Institute of Archaeological Research University of Hawai’i, Classics Faculty Matthew received his PhD in History from the Pennsylvania State University in 2007, specializ Read More
Excavation Period 1980 – Today
Institution or Excavation Links W.F. Albright Institute of Archaeological Research in Jerusalem,Megiddo,Jezreel Valley Regional Project
Historical Research Focus: Early Paleolithic 150000 BC – 80000 BC
Settlement Types: Town
Hebrew University of Jerusalem | HUJI · Institute of Archaeology; PHD in Hebrew Bible and Textual Criticism from University of St. Andrews
Excavation Period 1980 – Today
Institution or Excavation Links Hebrew University
Hebrew University of Jerusalem | HUJI · Institute of Archaeology; PHD in Hebrew Bible and Textual Criticism from University of St. Andrews
Excavation Period 1980 – Today
Institution or Excavation Links Hebrew University
Nira Alperson-Afil specializes in Prehistoric archaeology. Her main interests are the Lower and Middle Palaeolithic periods, technology and typology of stone tools, early use of fire, and the evolution of human behavior. Her current project Read More
Excavation Period 1980 – Today
Institution or Excavation Links Gesher Benot Ya‘aqov (GBY)
Historical Research Focus: Middle Paleolithic 80000 BC – 40000 BC
Nira Alperson-Afil specializes in Prehistoric archaeology. Her main interests are the Lower and Middle Palaeolithic periods, technology and typology of stone tools, early use of fire, and the evolution of human behavior. Her current project Read More
Excavation Period 1980 – Today
Institution or Excavation Links Gesher Benot Ya‘aqov (GBY)
Historical Research Focus: Middle Paleolithic 80000 BC – 40000 BC
Dr. Gideon Avni (PhD – 1997) is the Head of the Archaeological Division in the Israel Antiquities Authority and a lecturer at the Institute of Archaeology, the Hebrew University. In 1989 – 2000 he was the IAA Jerusalem District Archaeol Read More
Excavation Period 1980 – Today
Institution or Excavation Links Hebrew University,Israel Antiquities Authority
Historical Research Focus: Arab 634 AD – 1099 AD
Agricultural Practices: Horticulture
Dr. Gideon Avni (PhD – 1997) is the Head of the Archaeological Division in the Israel Antiquities Authority and a lecturer at the Institute of Archaeology, the Hebrew University. In 1989 – 2000 he was the IAA Jerusalem District Archaeol Read More
Excavation Period 1980 – Today
Institution or Excavation Links Hebrew University,Israel Antiquities Authority
Historical Research Focus: Arab 634 AD – 1099 AD
Agricultural Practices: Horticulture
Position: Emeritus, senior researcher, The Geological Survey of Israel (GSI) Research interests: Terrestrial paleoclimate reconstruction using cave deposits  (based mainly on oxygen and carbon stable isotopes). Characteristic features of Read More
Excavation Period 1980 – Today
Institution or Excavation Links Geological Survey of Israel
Position: Emeritus, senior researcher, The Geological Survey of Israel (GSI) Research interests: Terrestrial paleoclimate reconstruction using cave deposits  (based mainly on oxygen and carbon stable isotopes). Characteristic features of Read More
Excavation Period 1980 – Today
Institution or Excavation Links Geological Survey of Israel
Guy Bar-Oz is a professor of archaeology at the University of Haifa. His research focuses on the cultural and biological heritage of ancient Israel. His research experience in zooarchaeology includes excavation and analysis of numerous preh Read More
Excavation Period 1980 – Today
Institution or Excavation Links University of Haifa
Excavation Site Characteristics: human or animal remains
Guy Bar-Oz is a professor of archaeology at the University of Haifa. His research focuses on the cultural and biological heritage of ancient Israel. His research experience in zooarchaeology includes excavation and analysis of numerous preh Read More
Excavation Period 1980 – Today
Institution or Excavation Links University of Haifa
Excavation Site Characteristics: human or animal remains
Senior Lecturer in Archaeology, Tel Aviv University Education: Master Thesis: "The Flint Assemblage from Nahal Zehora I, A Wadi Raba Site in the Menashe Hills: The Implications of a Technological and Typological Analysis". Ph.D. – Read More
Excavation Period 1980 – Today
Institution or Excavation Links Tel Aviv University,Ramat Tamar
Historical Research Focus: Neolithic 8300  BC – 4500 BC
Material Composition: Flint
Senior Lecturer in Archaeology, Tel Aviv University Education: Master Thesis: "The Flint Assemblage from Nahal Zehora I, A Wadi Raba Site in the Menashe Hills: The Implications of a Technological and Typological Analysis". Ph.D. – Read More
Excavation Period 1980 – Today
Institution or Excavation Links Tel Aviv University,Ramat Tamar
Historical Research Focus: Neolithic 8300  BC – 4500 BC
Material Composition: Flint
Anna Belfer-Cohen (born November 3, 1949) is an Israeli archaeologist and paleoanthropologist and Professor Emeritus at the Institute of Archaeology, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem. Belfer-Cohen excavated and studied many importa Read More
Excavation Period 1980 – Today
Institution or Excavation Links Hebrew University
Historical Research Focus: Early Paleolithic 150000 BC – 80000 BC
Settlement Types: Nomadic
Agricultural Practices: Hunter-Gatherer
Excavation Site Characteristics: human or animal remains
Anna Belfer-Cohen (born November 3, 1949) is an Israeli archaeologist and paleoanthropologist and Professor Emeritus at the Institute of Archaeology, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem. Belfer-Cohen excavated and studied many importa Read More
Excavation Period 1980 – Today
Institution or Excavation Links Hebrew University
Historical Research Focus: Early Paleolithic 150000 BC – 80000 BC
Settlement Types: Nomadic
Agricultural Practices: Hunter-Gatherer
Excavation Site Characteristics: human or animal remains
Amnon Ben-Tor, is professor (emeritus) at the Institute of Archaeology, the Hebrew University, Jerusalem. He has worked at Hazor as an area supervisor under Yigael Yadin in the 1950’s and 1960’s. Since 1990 he has been the director of t Read More
Excavation Period 1980 – Today
Institution or Excavation Links Hebrew University,Tel Yokneam,Tel Hazor,Horvat Usa,Tel Yarmuth,Tel Qiri,Tel Qashish
Historical Research Focus: Late Bronze (LB) 1500 BC – 1200 BC
Settlement Types: Town
Building Types: House
Amnon Ben-Tor, is professor (emeritus) at the Institute of Archaeology, the Hebrew University, Jerusalem. He has worked at Hazor as an area supervisor under Yigael Yadin in the 1950’s and 1960’s. Since 1990 he has been the director of t Read More
Excavation Period 1980 – Today
Institution or Excavation Links Hebrew University,Tel Yokneam,Tel Hazor,Horvat Usa,Tel Yarmuth,Tel Qiri,Tel Qashish
Historical Research Focus: Late Bronze (LB) 1500 BC – 1200 BC
Settlement Types: Town
Building Types: House
Elisabetta Boaretto is a nuclear physicist educated in Italy and Israel (Ph.D. Hebrew University). She spent three years at the AMS 14C Dating Laboratory, Aarhus University (Denmark). Since 2000 she is a Research Associate at the Weizmann Read More
Excavation Period 1980 – Today
Institution or Excavation Links Bar-Ilan University,Weizmann Institute of Science,Tel Dor
Elisabetta Boaretto is a nuclear physicist educated in Italy and Israel (Ph.D. Hebrew University). She spent three years at the AMS 14C Dating Laboratory, Aarhus University (Denmark). Since 2000 she is a Research Associate at the Weizmann Read More
Excavation Period 1980 – Today
Institution or Excavation Links Bar-Ilan University,Weizmann Institute of Science,Tel Dor
Founding Director, The Archaeology Centre, Professor, Deparment of Anthropology, University of Toronto. Michael Chazan is a Paleolithic archaeologist specializing in the study of stone tools.  Prof. Chazan received his B.A. from the Univer Read More
Excavation Period 1980 – Today
Sub-Category: Non-Resident Archaeologists
Institution or Excavation Links Holon
Historical Research Focus: Middle Paleolithic 80000 BC – 40000 BC
Founding Director, The Archaeology Centre, Professor, Deparment of Anthropology, University of Toronto. Michael Chazan is a Paleolithic archaeologist specializing in the study of stone tools.  Prof. Chazan received his B.A. from the Univer Read More
Excavation Period 1980 – Today
Sub-Category: Non-Resident Archaeologists
Institution or Excavation Links Holon
Historical Research Focus: Middle Paleolithic 80000 BC – 40000 BC
Late Antiquity Associate Professor, University of Oklahoma Dr. Cline is an Assistant Professor of Religious Studies at the University of Oklahoma. He earned his Ph.D. at Penn State in 2005, and his recent book, Ancient Angels (Brill, 2011), Read More
Excavation Period 1980 – Today
Historical Research Focus: Crusader 1099 AD – 1250 AD
Transportation Function: Cross-Road