Archaeology at Ben Gurion University of the Negev
BGU is Israel’s youngest university, but in a short time it has become Israel’s fastest growing and most dynamic institution of higher learning. From 15,000 students just 10 years ago, BGU has grown to close to 20,000 students, more than 800 faculty members, and 1,000 Ph.D. students at its Beer-Sheva, Eilat, and Sede Boqer campuses.
The Department of Bible studies, Archeology and the Ancient Near East
Our department offers studies for first, second and third degree in bible studies, archeology and ancient near east.
Bible studies focus on scientific observation of the bible. There are many aspects of research: the formation of the bible, the bible as literature, the bible language and many more.
Archeology focus on the material culture of man in the past. The purpose of the study is to impart knowledge of archaeology methods, a general understanding of civilizations formation in the world and especially in the near east and the holy land, training for fieldwork, working in museums and research.
Ancient Near East studies focus on history and cultures of ancient nations neighbor to Israel, and ancient languages (Akkadian, Ugaritic, Phoenician).
The Archaeology of the Negev: Anthropological Perspectives on the Long-Term History of a Desert
The course begins with an introduction to the basic geography of the Negev and then systematically reviews the archaeology of the region from the Neolithic, ca. 6,000 BCE, to the end of the Iron Age, 586 BCE. The subject is approached chronologically, and each period is approached historically, and in terms of its material culture and associated remains.
The general goal of the course is to explore the long term history of the Negev, with emphasis on the development of desert society and the relationships between the people of the desert, their environment, and the sedentary peoples living in the Mediterranean zone. Archaeology serves as the primary means of this exploration, but historical texts and ethnography will be drawn upon as well.
On successful completion of this course, students should be able to:
1.Know the historical framework of the Negev from 6,000 BCE onwards.
2.Understand the unique features of living in an arid zone in the past.
3.Comprehend the historiography of Desert and Sown relationships.
4.Be familiar with main theoretical issues of Southern Levantine Archaeology.
5 .Summarize basic themes in the human and physical geography of the Negev.